A diagram displaying post-excavation analysis steps derived from Grant, Jim, Sam Gorin, and Neil Fleming 2002 The Archaeology Coursebook: An Introduction to Study Skills, Topics and Methods. Psychology Press.
This diagram goes over the process of what happens with the artifacts after the excavation. As you can see it is a lot of work and most of it (if not all of it) is done by an Archaeologist. This routine is completed with each artifact, it is not all fun and games, when something is found everything must be studied and sorted out with proper care. If the process of the excavation and analysis of the findings are not done with care it is hard to get a full in depth analysis of the people/artifacts being studied. One little slip up could mean knowing if a rock was chipped during the excavation or if the people used it as a tool. It is important to understand historic artifacts, having a good understanding of our past, can help us to understand the present and why we do what we do.